O relato de Hecateu de Abdera sobre os judeus

Willibaldo Ruppenthal Neto

Resumo


O artigo a visa apresentar o relato de Hecateu de Abdera a respeito
dos judeus, citado por Diodoro Sículo (Bibliotheca Historica, 40.3) e preservado na Bibliotheca de Fócio (244), oferecendo uma tradução livre para o português. Hecateu, além de ser o primeiro autor grego a descrever o povo judeu (contemporaneamente a Teofrasto), é também importante por ser o grande ícone do surgimento da nova etnografia grega no período helenístico. No relato estudado neste artigo, Hecateu apresenta elementos importantes da identidade judaica e suas fronteiras culturais e ainda lhes dá uma explicação racional, a fim de facilitar a compreensão a respeito dos judeus por parte de seu público grego.


Palavras-chave


Hecateu de Abdera; mundo helenístico; etnografia grega; Judeus

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Referências


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